Wovens: materials and applications

Versatile textiles for the clothing industry

Wovens consist of interlaced threads at right angles; the weaving technology and threads used for warp and weft are responsible for the characteristics of the textile. The most famous and frequent types of bonding are plain weave and twill. Plain weave is characterized by a homogenous structure and a smooth surface. Twill weave has a more open structure and is softer and more voluminous than plain weave. By using different types of threads both technologies can be “defined“ for specific application fields.

High performance materials for menswear and ladies wear

Freudenberg Performance Materials uses wovens mainly for interlinings designed for the clothing industry including:

Classic wovens

Classic wovens with warp and weft made of cotton or synthetic fibers e. g. viscose

These wovens are mainly used for shirts, jackets and trousers in menswear, but also for ladies blouses. These textiles are characterized by a high degree of stability and a smooth and even surface.

Wovens made of special threads

Wovens made of special threads e. g. animal hair

These materials (e. g. a blend of goat hair or horse hair and viscose) for classic menswear offer very high resilience. To achieve this effect warp threads made of extremely resiliant materials such as horse hair are used.

Wovens from polyester and polyamide

Wovens from polyester and polyamide, yarns or texturized multifilaments

These wovens offer a defined degree of elasticity in cross or length direction and are generally fused with outer fabrics that are also elastic. Most of these elastic wovens are made from texturized multifilaments. Besides, bi-elastic textiles are in high demand: generally the elasticity in weft direction is clear higher than in warp direction. The benefit of these wovens: when fused with other materials they are very adaptable. By adding further production steps wovens can be used in a broad range of applications, from classic menswear to light, trendy ladies wear.

The fabrics are finished by finishing and coating processes ready for production.

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