India’s economy is growing rapidly, putting the country among the fastest-growing economies in the world. If this trend continues, India’s gross domestic product will be the third largest in the world by the middle of the century, behind only China and the US. The current population of around 1.2 billion is also set to multiply. By 2050, India could be the most populous country in the world. But India also has huge challenges to master. It urgently needs to fight poverty, promote infrastructure projects and promote education. And rapid industrialization and urbanization are also calling for a realignment of the country’s environmental policy.